Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a severe large-intestinal disorder. Common symptoms include abdominal soreness, stomach pain, bloating, nausea, diarrhoea or constipation, or both. IBS is a chronic disorder that requires long term management. The disease has been found more prevalent amongst women, especially in the United States. Apart from this, people under 50 are also found to be under higher risk of contracting it.
Only a handful number of IBS cases show severe symptoms and signs. Some people can even alleviate the symptoms through correcting their eating habits, bringing positive lifestyle changes, practicing stress management and self-care. Prescription and counselling by an experienced IBS specialist are imperative to treat more severe cases through. It is also essential to mention that IBS doesn’t induce gastrointestinal tissue modifications or increases the risk of contracting colon cancer.
Signs and symptoms of an Irritable bowel syndrome may differ from person to person. Let’s have a look at a few common indications that may point towards an underlying issue.
- Abdominal cramping, soreness, indigestion, or bloating sensation, which are usually relieved or partly taken care of by undergoing a bowel movement.
- Excessive gas formation inside the body.
- Loose motions or symptoms of constipation— In a few severe cases, the patient might experience both in alternating rounds.
- Presence of mucus in stool output.
As per the data studied at a reputable IBS Clinic. The majority of the females with Irritable bowel syndrome experience periods when the disease signs and symptoms become worse. Then there are times when they seem to get better all of a sudden or even disappear altogether.
If you experience a frequent shift in bowel habits or any other symptoms of Irritable bowel syndrome, get in touch with an experienced and reputable IBS specialist immediately. These signs may point towards a more serious medical condition, such as colorectal cancer too. Symptoms in more severe cases of IBS might include:
- Sudden weight loss.
- Diarrhoea and constant bout of loose motions often triggered during the night time.
- Bleeding from rectum.
- The anaemic condition ( which is relatively common amongst females)— Iron deficiency in the body
- Unexplained and frequent vomiting
- Trouble swallowing food articles
- Constant abdominal pain that doesn’t get alleviated even after passing gas or undergoing a bowel movement
Causes of Irritable bowel syndrome
Renowned IBS clinics across the globe have conducted various researches and studies. However, the precise causes of the disease are yet to be ascertained. There are certain factors though which seem to be playing a crucial role in the propagation of the IBS though.
Intestinal muscle contractions
The membranes of the intestines filled with muscular layers that experience contraction as they transfer food through the digestive system. Spasms that tend to last longer than usual and are greater in force can result in gas formation, bloating and diarrhoea.
Contrary to this, weak bowel periods can impede the movement of the nutrition and lead to stiff, dried out stools leading to constipation. Both the conditions when left unaddressed for a longer duration can result in severe IBS. It would be best if you visited an IBS clinic immediately when faced with frequent bouts of constipation, diarrhea or both.
Anomalies in your gastrointestinal tract’s nerves may trigger more significant distress than usual when your abdominal area stretches out for passing gas or feces. Poorly regulated brain-intestinal indicators can make your system overreact to adjustments which usually take place during the process of digestion, leading to discomfort, nausea, constipation, or diarrhea. This nervous disorder has also been found to be the leading cause of IBS in many cases.
Some females diagnosed with Irritable bowel syndrome are found to have an increased number of immune-system cells than usual in their intestinal tract. This reaction to the immune system relates to discomfort and diarrhoea.
Serious intestinal infection
IBS may develop from pathogens or a bacterium after the patient has gone through a severe case of diarrhoea (gastroenteritis) recently. Apart from this, experienced IBS specialist confirms that the sudden emergence of irritable bowel syndrome may also be attributed to a pathogenic excess (microbial overgrowth) in the abdominal area.
Mutations in gut bacteria (Microflora)
Microflora classified under the ‘good’ type of bacteria which is beneficial for humans and often found thriving in your intestinal tracts. These microorganisms are known to play a significant role in maintaining bowel health of an individual. Research done at specialised IBS clinic suggests that the condition of microflora in healthy persons may vary from the ones which are found in the patients infected with IBS.
Other trigger points
Most people experience signs and symptoms of IBS from time to time. But if you fall under the following category, you are more prone to get the afflicted.
- Females: IBS is more widespread amongst the female population in the U.S— Oestrogen therapy taken before or after menopause is the primary trigger of the disease.
- Young individuals: Various studies and data collected at the premium IBS Clinic proved that people under the age of 50 are more prone to contract irritable bowel syndrome as compared to the older generation.
- Hereditary: Genetics too, might have a significant role to play here combined with the environmental factors, that may pass on the IBS down the family line.
- Mental health issues: Emergence of IBS often connected with stress, depression and a range of other mental health problems. Traumatic physical, sexual or emotional abuse in the past could also be a causative factor…
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